Jesus in the Major Prophets
Introduction: These are the Major Prophets and are known so because of the length of the books they wrote. There all clearly prophesied about Jesus and we can see so in the books they wrote. We need to listen to the prophets and some of which we focus on at Christmas time. So let us see what these Jewish Prophets wrote about Jesus. The Major Prophets are Isaiah Jeremiah and Ezekiel!
Focus Scripture Isa 53:6-11 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.10 Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand.11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
This talks about the crucifixion of Jesus and says that he will be buried with the wicked. He was! This says he would be imprisoned. He Was! This says that he would be killed. He was! This said he would be made sin. He Was! God was pleased with his sacrifice. He was! Many would be justified and made righteous. It happened! All the things in this passage could only point to Jesus and it happened to Jesus on Calvary and after he was resurrected or because of Jesus coming to live in you! The major prophets did prophesy the birth, death, and resurrection of Jesus in every detail!
Isaiah Prince of Peace as our founder said we cannot have peace with man until we have peace with God. The vertical must be taken care of first before we can take care of the horizontal. The verses we will look at in Isaiah will help us understand the work of Jesus in bringing this peace to man, so we can have peace with God in this world, Heaven and Eternity!
7:13-16 13 And he said, Hear ye now, O house of David; Is it a small thing for you to weary men, but will ye weary my God also?14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.15 Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good.16 For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings.
Butter and honey is a reference to the milk and honey of the land. Milk referring to the pureness and honey the sweetness. Milk refers to the law of GOD (the word specifically the OT). Honey refers to Divine health and the term milk and honey refers to abundance prosperity and ease. So the term here does not mean that Jesus ate just butter and honey (possibly a mostly vegetarian diet but not necessarily).
9:6-7 6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.
Express Image of the Father Heb 1:3. I and the Father are one.(Jn. 10:30) But Jesus is the 2nd Adam or the Father of a second race. You have the race of man under Adam or the race under Christ. To be in the 2nd race you first have to be born to Adam and can be redeemed by Christ. The Head of the Body! The Father of a new body!
53:3-5 3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.
This talks about the crucifixion of Christ and what we have because of that death and substitution. We have much because of him. His perfect sacrifice lets me have healing and deliverance. He took the sin from me and gave me peace with God. This is why HE is called the Prince of Peace! He is the one who came from Heaven to produce Peace with God and ultimately have a kingdom of peace for 1,000 years and beyond upon the earth. So we will have peace with God and man because of Jesus and his work! We have many benefits because of Jesus and his work!
Jeremiah Righteous Branch This term the righteous branch refers to the fact that Jesus is the Messiah and anointed with the Holy Spirit. Isaiah 11:1-3 tells us of the 6 fold anointing that Jesus has with the Holy Spirit in him and a powerful authority in the Earth! Jeremiah builds on the concept of the Branch which in Isa 11 is a stem out of Jesse!
9:23-24 23 Thus saith the Lord, Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his might, let not the rich man glory in his riches:24 But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I am the Lord which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these things I delight, saith the Lord.
The Lord is righteous and does righteousness all the time. As He is so are we in this world. God is happy when we imitate his actions not only in doing good deeds but also in morality. The glory is not in what we have as we seem to focus on but on whose we are. We are told to exalt the Lord and exalt our knowledge in knowing him. He is to be the source and what we brag on. When we brag on Jesus things go better!
23:5-6 5 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, The Lord Our Righteousness.
The name of the branch is the Lord our Righteousness. Jesus is the righteousness that we have because we are now part of his body and can do the things that we are called to do and that is to exalt the Gospel of Jesus Christ. The righteousness of God comes from the line of King David. When Jesus rules there be no more enemies for God will exalt his people again and all nations will soon know there is a God in Israel!
33:14-17 14 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will perform that good thing which I have promised unto the house of Israel and to the house of Judah.15 In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land.16 In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this is the name wherewith she shall be called, The Lord our righteousness.17 For thus saith the Lord; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel;
When Jesus comes to reign he will reign of his father David and reign forever. God will have a reign of peace and no nation will come against Israel for Israel will live in peace. Right standing with God will be the norm and will be prized. We need to honor that right standing and walk in it today for it will give great rights and benefits when we do! We as his servants will learn to execute the rights and privileges we have as part of the body of Christ!
Lamentations Weeping Prophet Jeremiah is called the weeping prophet because of his showing his feelings. HE wept because he saw the destruction of Jerusalem and was taken into captivity. He was a prophet who went through much suffering. So Jeremiah was called the weeping prophet
Lam 1:20-22 20 Behold, O Lord; for I am in distress: my bowels are troubled; mine heart is turned within me; for I have grievously rebelled: abroad the sword bereaveth, at home there is as death.21 They have heard that I sigh: there is none to comfort me: all mine enemies have heard of my trouble; they are glad that thou hast done it: thou wilt bring the day that thou hast called, and they shall be like unto me.22 Let all their wickedness come before thee; and do unto them, as thou hast done unto me for all my transgressions: for my sighs are many, and my heart is faint.
He saw Jerusalem the holy city destroyed and was taken into captivity. He was bereaved for it was the Holy City and felt like all was lost. HE felt like God abandoned him. This book is like Jesus grieving over the daughters of Jerusalem and saying on the cross my God my God why have you forsaken me. He felt all alone. They rejoice and I am alone. HE is feeling like God is not there! Jesus felt alone in Gethsemane similar to Jeremiah.
Lam 2:13-15 13 What thing shall I take to witness for thee? what thing shall I liken to thee, O daughter of Jerusalem? what shall I equal to thee, that I may comfort thee, O virgin daughter of Zion? for thy breach is great like the sea: who can heal thee?14 Thy prophets have seen vain and foolish things for thee: and they have not discovered thine iniquity, to turn away thy captivity; but have seen for thee false burdens and causes of banishment.15 All that pass by clap their hands at thee; they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of Jerusalem, saying, Is this the city
The daughters of Jerusalem were not comforted at this destruction and neither were they comforted when Jesus died. The women of Jerusalem were upset at the crucifixion and are able to discern the things of God. There is only one that heal that great discomfort and that is Jesus! One day the sorrow will be turned to joy but the daughters of Jerusalem wept in the day of Jeremiah just like in Jesus day!
Lam: 3:20-26 20 My soul hath them still in remembrance, and is humbled in me.21 This I recall to my mind, therefore have I hope.22 It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not.23 They are new every morning: great is thy faithfulness.24 The Lord is my portion, saith my soul; therefore will I hope in him.25 The Lord is good unto them that wait for him, to the soul that seeketh him.26 It is good that a man should both hope and quietly wait for the salvation of the Lord.
The problem is that in this book there is lots of sorrow but here is the verse that says that even though they had much destruction it says Gods mercies is are not consumed/ Gods compassion will not fail for Jesus moved with compassion to heal others. Every morning we get new mercy for God is faithful. God is good to us so we should seek him. Know God wants to save and deliver us from all our troubles!
Ezekiel 4 faces of a Man This being has 4 faces and is mentioned in both Revelation and Ezekiel. It is called a Cherubim and has 6 wings and 4 faces. It sounds to me to be a scary angel ( beast) It is one of the beasts that is said to protect man from Eden ( cherubim) We do not know how many there are these special beings. We will see them one day in Heaven.
1:5-17 5 Also out of the midst thereof came the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance; they had the likeness of a man.6 And every one had four faces, and every one had four wings.7 And their feet were straight feet; and the sole of their feet was like the sole of a calf's foot: and they sparkled like the colour of burnished brass.8 And they had the hands of a man under their wings on their four sides; and they four had their faces and their wings.9 Their wings were joined one to another; they turned not when they went; they went every one straight forward.10 As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle.11 Thus were their faces: and their wings were stretched upward; two wings of every one were joined one to another, and two covered their bodies.12 And they went every one straight forward: whither the spirit was to go, they went; and they turned not when they went.13 As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps: it went up and down among the living creatures; and the fire was bright, and out of the fire went forth lightning.14 And the living creatures ran and returned as the appearance of a flash of lightning.15 Now as I beheld the living creatures, behold one wheel upon the earth by the living creatures, with his four faces.16 The appearance of the wheels and their work was like unto the colour of a beryl: and they four had one likeness: and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel.17 When they went, they went upon their four sides: and they turned not when they went.
The 4 faces of a man are very interesting but we must remember that these 4 faces refer to the ministry of Jesus. Matthew- (Lion) Mark – (ox( Luke (Man) and John (Eagle) The gospels represent Jesus as a King in Matthew, a Servant in Mark as the Son of Man in Luke and the Son of God in John. They have 6 wings and go in different directions. Really strange beings.
10:14-15 14 And every one had four faces: the first face was the face of a cherub, and the second face was the face of a man, and the third the face of a lion, and the fourth the face of an eagle.15 And the cherubims were lifted up. This is the living creature that I saw by the river of Chebar.
Again we see the face of a lion, eagle and man but here the ox is replaced the face of a cherub. So that means there are different types of cherub. There are different types of angels. I do not know if there are warring cherubs like warring angels and worship angels and messenger angels. Gabriel is the archangel over messenger angels and Michael the head of the warring angels. There are many archangels and angels and many types of cherubs.
Rev 4:6-9 6 And before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four beasts full of eyes before and behind.7 And the first beast was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth beast was like a flying eagle.8 And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.9 And when those beasts give glory and honour and thanks to him that sat on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever,
When it says that the first beast was a lion or calf they had the face of these angels just like a cherub. This beast is the same as a cherub (living creature). When you examine the two descriptions it is the same angel. These cherubs are there to praise the Lord and worship him. The cherubs were also placed at the entrance of the Garden of Eden!
Rev 5:5-10 5 And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.6 And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.7 And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.8 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints.9 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;10 And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
The 4 beasts are also the same as described in Ch 4. The 7 eyes and horns represent the Holy Spirit as mentioned in Isa 11 meaning the 7 spirits of God. Jesus can open the book for he is the only one worthy to do so. Jesus is the Lion of the Tribe of Judah and has conquered death hell and the grave! Creation both heavenly and earthly worship the Lord!
Conclusion: Isaiah we see the crucifixion and in Jeremiah he is shown as the branch , in Lamentations he weeps, and in Ezekiel we see into Heaven. So we see 4 parts of from the cross to the throne. It starts with the cross and ends with the throne. Isaiah is a mini Bible! Because of the cross we can go to the throne too! So let’s focus on the goodness and grace of God and not the persecution of men!
Next week: Jesus in the Minor Prophets 1 or a Christmas sermon
This sermon is copyrighted @2018 and is the property of our Pastor- Rev. Dr. Don Carson. Used by permission and for more information or questions call Pastor Don during the day at 732-297-7794.